Acne

What is it? What are causes/ symptoms and/or signs?

Acne can affect all skin types and all ages, and may be caused by a combination of genetics, hormone changes, and health and environmental factors.

Acne can form when:

  • Androgen (male) hormones stimulate excess sebum (or oil) production
  • Excess oil, dry skin and debris combine and become trapped in the pore

Acne bacteria lives naturally on healthy skin but proliferates when pores become blocked. The damage caused by this bacteria, and the associated inflammation, can make the tissues more susceptible to other bacteria (such as staphylococcus aureus).

Acne can be categorised into different grades:

  • Grade 1: Mild blackheads and papules
  • Grade 2: Moderate blackheads, pustules and papules
  • Grade 3: Moderate to severe inflammation, blackheads, pustules and papules
  • Grade 4: Severe inflammation, blackheads, pustules and papules

Treatment Solutions:

Microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion is an effective method which assists in the removal of dead and dry skin cells from the surface of the skin, reducing pore blockage that leads to acne. It is especially effective for the removal of blackheads. Microdermabrasion can also help with the penetration and absorption of active acne skin care products.

Chemical Peels

For a more in-depth acne treatment, Chemical Peels exfoliate and refine the skin by using active ingredients such as alpha-hydroxy acids (fruit acids), beta-hydroxy acids and enzymes to penetrate deeper into the skin surface. Beta-hydroxy acid peels, also known as salicylic acid peels, are a good option for those with acne, as they target oil and help reduce inflammation associated with acne.

Skin Needling

Skin Needling is a regenerating treatment that works by stimulating the production and distribution of collagen. This is achieved by using multiple needles in various sizes to penetrate the deeper layers of the skin, triggering the body’s natural wound healing response. The result is an overall improvement in the appearance of skin, with wrinkles and lines smoothed, acne reduced, and scarring minimised.

Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT)

LLLT has become a popular treatment for those who have exhausted all traditional acne remedies, or for those who want to enhance Microdermabrasion or Chemical Peels treatment.

LLLT works with a cold laser that emits a powerful but gentle beam of light to the damaged area. This is absorbed by the cells of the damaged tissue or the area affected by acne, penetrating under the surface of the skin with no heating effect and repairing the inflammation where the acne has formed.

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