Hyperpigmentation can be an unwanted consequence of internal physical factors and/or external factors which can include hormonal changes, sun exposure, skin type, trauma and the skin’s natural ageing process. Presenting as areas of uneven skin tone, darkness, age spots or freckles, pigmentation occurs when excess melanin (skin pigment) has been stimulated. Factors that may contribute to this process can be divided into external, internal and genetic triggers: What causes pigmentation?
What are the different types of Pigmentation? Epidermal Pigmentation (Superficial) usually affects lighter skin tones, and is usually caused by sun damage. Some examples of Superficial pigmentation include:
Dermal Pigmentation (Deeper) which can be caused by trauma, medications and hormonal factors, can present itself as:
Where does Pigmentation appear? Hyperpigmentation is not just restricted to the facial area and commonly presents on the shoulders, neck, décolletage, backs of the hands and bikini area. Pigmentation affects all skin colours and all skin types and conditions. Any form of hyperpigmentation may be further aggressed by sun exposure and the daily use of an SPF30 or greater sunscreen on all affected areas is crucial.
The Australian Laser & Skin Clinic provides a number of procedures that can assist in the reduction of various types of Pigmentation. Options include:
Photo Rejuvenation an extremely effective treatment against many forms of Pigmentation. Performed with our Medical Grade Intense Pulsed Light Laser or IPL, Photo Rejuvenation is a non-invasive treatment that uses light to absorb melanin (the dark pigment) and haemoglobin (the red colour in your blood vessels). This light converts to heat, which damages the target cells without disrupting the skins surface. After treatment of pigmented areas they will go darker sometimes almost black, then will fall off within 7 to 28 days (depending on the area of the body) or it will just gradually fade.
**Photo Rejuvenation is most suitable for fair to olive complexions; dark to very dark skin tones are not suitable for treatment**
Chemical peels are an exceptional choice for the treatment of hyperpigmentation. The Austaralin Laser and Skin Clinic offers many different types of chemical peels that are specifically formulated to help even out the overall skin tone, treat hyperpigmintation, fine lines and wrinkles, while leaving the skin hydrated. For more information on Chemical Peels please click here.
Skin needling is highly effective for treating hyperpigmentation on dark skin colours. This multitasking treatment creates rejuvenating micro channels into the skin to promote a more balances and normalized cellular function. As melanocytes (pigment producing cells) are directly targeted, a repair and corrective process encourages an even skin tone creating a radiant appearance. The Australian Laser & Skin Clinic has access to varying treatment sizes to specifically target a range of pigmentation problems. For more information on Skin Needling please click here.
LLLT is a medical grade cold laser that reduces the formation of hyperpigmentation without heat or discomfort. LLLT works within the skin to balance over-active melanocytes (pigment producing cells) and sun damaged cells. Afetr a series of treatments the complexion cumulatively becomes clearer and more radiant with increased luminosity. LLLT is another treatment that is highly effective for treating hyperpigmentation on dark skin colours. For more information on LLLT please click here.